The Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal
Photo by Jovyn Chamb / Unsplash


The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum situated in Agra, India. It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who passed away in 1631. The construction of the Taj Mahal took over 20 years to complete and was finished in 1653. 2.)

Five Minute Fill

The Taj Mahal is a stunning, white marble mausoleum located in Agra, India. It is one of the most iconic and recognizable structures in the world, attracting millions of tourists from all over the globe each year. The Taj Mahal was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who passed away in 1631 during childbirth. The story goes that Shah Jahan's love for his wife was so deep and intense that he was inspired to create an unparalleled monument to her memory that would stand the test of time.

The construction of the Taj Mahal began around 1632 and took over 20 years to complete, involving a workforce of over 20,000 workers and craftsmen from across the Mughal Empire. The building is made entirely of white marble that was quarried in Rajasthan and transported to the construction site along the Yamuna River. The marble was carved and inlaid with precious and semiprecious stones such as jasper, onyx, and turquoise, creating stunning floral and geometric patterns all over the building.

The Taj Mahal is a symmetrical masterpiece, featuring four minarets on each side of the central tomb, which is raised on a square platform. The central dome is the most prominent feature of the entire structure, standing at over 73 meters high, with a base measuring 28 meters in diameter. The impressive size of the dome is a testament to the architectural ingenuity of the Mughal Empire, which was able to construct such an enormous structure without the use of modern technology.

The Taj Mahal also features a beautiful garden, known as the Charbagh, which is divided into four parts by a network of water channels. The garden is meant to symbolize paradise, and the water channels represent the four rivers of Islamic paradise. The tomb itself is surrounded by a mosque and a guesthouse, which are also made of white marble and decorated with floral inlays.

Over the years, the Taj Mahal has faced several challenges, including environmental pollution, groundwater depletion, and weathering of the marble due to acid rain. To address these issues, the Indian government has taken measures to preserve and protect the monument and its surroundings, including the establishment of the Taj Mahal Conservation Collaborative in 2018.

In conclusion, the Taj Mahal is a true masterpiece of architectural and artistic beauty, showcasing the wonder and ingenuity of the Mughal Empire. Its status as a world heritage site reflects its importance not just for India's cultural heritage, but for the entire world.